It's not about the radio, it's about the ANTENNA. The short whip that comes on ht radios has limited range. Research a good FULL SIZE 2 meter antenna.
You'll need an adapter. Michael KB9KVR or the boys at HRO will help you.
I've got emergency comms established between Georgetown & Bastrop TX, 35 miles as the crow flies, with two 5watt Yaesu FT-60R ht's with proper antennas. VHF & UHF are Line-Of-Sight communications. Use this link to determine L-O-S points:
@davidwhite658 Very hard question to answer as you have written, could you be more specific in what you would like to do with said radio? The more info you can give us the better we will be able to help. Looking forward to it.
First question is do you have a amateur radio license ( ham operator )
Well i was a sandy 8 9 months ago could piss 100 yards lol. Me and the family moved to the mountains 7000 feet ish lots of big mountains trees just asking whats the best to get threw most of that
@Al Clarkson not yet but if need to get it to have the best radio i will take
@davidwhite658 IF you need something for right now this minute you are really limited to CB handhelds or FRS bubble pack radios from walmart or somewhere similar but if you have a little time say 20 to 40 hours to prep for your tech license in amatuer radio that will always be the better way to go. You can study online and take practice tests until you can get the passing score several times over. At that point you can go take the test (Many locations) and it is usually $15 but well worth it and that will open you up to the much better radios, range and technical know how, it is well worth it.
Ok thank u
Putting the ham radio license thing aside. Yes, to be legit and transmit on an amateur radio band you need a license. With that said, to answer your question it is most likely that a good quality VHF (2 meter) type radio would work best for your area in the mountains. This has to do with the wavelength of the radio frequency and how it reacts to the terrain and environment most common in the mountains. Take a look at the following link, I'm not endorsing their product but they do a really good job describing how the radio frequencies/bands perform.
Anything from a Beofeng UV-5R to a high end Yaesu or Kenwood brand radio would work well for you. You might also want to take a look at the Beofeng MURS radios. The MURS does not require a license to use and they fall within that VHF frequency band.
Best of luck, let us know if you need more information.
Ok thank you sir i appreciate your time on the matter
The Wetland Tools site does a fair job of talking about radios. Their portion on "privacy codes" is completely wrong. Anyone can still listen to the signal from an analog unencrypted radio. So practice opsec; don't give out real names or locations. Keep your transmissions short.
""Privacy Codes" are just a means to turn off the speaker of the radio if it receives a signal on the same channel as yours but using a different "privacy" code. The "codes" are simply very low frequency tones (67 - 250Hz) that are used to signal to a radio on the same frequency and using the same code.